SPI bus allows continuous data transmission. When you pass a buffer (array of words) to one of the SPI Master Transmission Functions, the DLN adapter transmits the data bit after bit as in the following figure.
Logically, your application and an SPI slave device treat this data as an array of 8-bit or 16-bit words. Some SPI slave devices (for example, digital-to-analog or analog-to-digital converters) operate with 12-bit words.
DLN adapters allow you to support a wide range of SPI slave devices. You can configure the frame size (number of bits in the word) by using the DlnSpiMasterSetFrameSize() function. DLN adapters support 8 to 16 bits per frame.
In DLN adapters, the frame data is transmitted in a Little Endian format (starting from the most-significant bit and up to the least-significant bit). If the frame size is not a multiple of 8, the unused (most-significant) bits are discarded, regardless of their content.
You want to transmit an array with the following data:
If the frame size is 8 bits, the transmission proceeds as four 8-bit words:
AB CD EF 01
If the frame size is 16 bits, the transmission proceeds as two 16-bit words. Each word is stored in the array in little endian format:
If the frame size is 12 bits, the transmission proceeds as two 12-bit words. This frame is not a multiple of 8, so the unused (most-significant) bits of the second byte in each word are discarded:
Each word is stored in the array in little endian format:
To transmit data as arrays of more than 8 bits, you can use the DlnSpiMasterReadWrite16() function. It transmits data in little endian format that is very useful because most microcontrollers store data in this format.
For information about all functions that you can use to transmit data, read the SPI Master Transmission Functions section.